Pigmentation & Dark Patches




Freckles are small, multiple, symmetrical, discrete, flat, pale brownish hyperpigmented lesion, that occurs in the areas which are directly exposed to sunlight. This is a condition common to individuals who possess a fair complexion.

It is caused by UV radiation leading to localized excess production of melanin (pigment responsible for skin colour). It is more commonly seen in genetically predisposed individuals and mostly, on the face, shoulder and back.

Melasma / Chloasma

What is Melasma?

It is an acquired patchy tan brown or blue-gray skin discoloration seen on the face and generally common among women in their reproductive years. Though also possible in males, it is seldom seen in them.

Where does it occur?

Melasma typically appears on the forehead, upper cheeks, upper lip, forehead, and chin of women between 20-50 years of age.

What causes Melasma?

While its exact cause is still unknown, some of the common causes are

  • A history of daily or intermittent and unprotected sun exposure.
  • External hormones like birth control pills, hormone replacement therapy, and internal hormonal changes during pregnancy.
  • Family history
  • Anti-seizure medications
  • Certain products or treatments that cause an increase in melanin production.

Treatment available at Christell

Management of Melasma requires a comprehensive and professional approach by a trained medical professional.

  • During consultation, the skin is tested to determine its condition
  • Based on the test results a home care regimen is prescribed.
  • The home care is just as important as the clinic procedures
  • Chemical peels
  • Skin polishing
  • Laser therapy to reduce pigmentation
  • Mesotherapy – injecting skin lightening medicines to localized dark patches
  • The home care is continued post treatments to maintain the results.